Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What requirements must be met before an institution may provide an official visit to a prospect?
A: All prospects must present the institution with a high school (or college) transcript. High school and prep school prospects must register with the NCAA Eligibility Center and present the institution with a score from a PSAT, SAT, PLAN or ACT test taken on a national testing day under national testing conditions. Finally, the institution must place the prospect on their institutional request list with the NCAA Eligibility Center.
Q: May an institution put special decorations up in a prospective student-athlete's hotel room or in the sport's offices when a prospect comes on an official visit?
A: No. NCAA Bylaws 22.214.171.124 and 13.7.3 state that an institution may not arrange miscellaneous, personalized recruiting aids (e.g., personalized jerseys, personalized audio/video scoreboard presentations) and may not permit a prospective student-athlete to engage in any game-day simulations (e.g., running onto the field with the team during pre-game introductions) during an official or unofficial visit. Personalized recruiting aids include any decorative items and special additions to any location the prospective student-athlete will visit (e.g., hotel room, locker room, coach's office, conference room, arena) regardless of whether or not the items include the prospective student-athlete's name or picture.
Q: Who may have off-campus contact with a prospect (and any persons accompanying a prospect) during his/her official visit?
A: Institutional staff members and spouses and dependent children of athletics department staff members are permitted to have off-campus contact with a prospect during his/her official visit. Contact at any location (including on-campus) between a prospect and a member of an institution's board of regents is not permissible. Entertainment of prospects on official visits is limited to a 30-mile radius of campus so all contacts must conform to this restriction. Any restrictions regarding off-campus contacts also apply to any persons accompanying the prospect on the official visit.
Q: May an athletics department staff member market an individual's athletics abilities to agents or receive compensation for simply facilitating a meeting between a student-athlete and an agent?
A: No, both arrangements are strictly prohibited under NCAA regulations.
Q: What is the NCAA rule concerning outside consultants working with a sport program?
A: A temporary consultant may provide in-service training for a coaching staff, but may not interact with student-athletes without counting against applicable coaching limits. Additionally, an outside consultant may not have involvement on- or off-field/court/mat/etc., coaching activities without counting against applicable coaching limits.This prohibits attending practices and meetings involving coaching activities (game planning, analyzing video of own team or opponent, etc.).
Q: Who do the NCAA's rules against sports wagering apply to and what sports wagering activities are prohibited?
A: NCAA rules pertaining to sports wagering apply to athletics department staff, nonathletics staff that have responsibilities within or over the athletics department, conference office staff and student-athletes. The NCAA's prohibition against any form of sports wagering applies to all institutional practice sessions and any competition (amateur, college, profession) in a sport that the NCAA conducts a championship and in bowl subdivision football and emerging sports for women. This includes fantasy sports leagues and bracket selections, if something is wagered to enter.
Q: What recruiting activities remain permissible during a 'dead period' in a sport's recruiting calendar?
A: It remains permissible for an institutional staff member to write or telephone prospects during a dead period (subject to applicable recruiting rules).
It is NOT permissible to make in-person contacts or evaluations on- or off-campus and prospects may not visit campus on either an official or unofficial visit during a dead period.
Q: After a prospect signs a National Letter of Intent, or scholarship agreement, at what point may institutional staff members begin making unlimited telephone calls and sending text messages to the prospect and his/her family?
A: The day after a prospect signs a National Letter of Intent (or a four-year transfer signs a scholarship agreement) telephone calls and text messages to a prospect (and their families) may be made at the institution's discretion.
Q: Is it permissible to provide a prospective student-athlete with free or reduced-cost camp admission fee?
A: No, if the prospect is an athletics award winner ("lettered" in a high school sport) or any individual being recruited by the institution. You may provide a discount that is available to anyone, i.e. early-bird registration.
Q: Are institutions permitted to send materials to high school coaches via express mail? For example, can a high school coach be sent camp brochures or media guides via express mail?
A: In addition to prospective student-athletes (and their families), NCAA rules prohibit the use of express mailing services to send recruiting materials to a coach or any other individual responsible for teaching or directing an activity in which a prospective student-athlete is involved. Institutions may provide permissible recruiting materials via express mail who reside outside the United States. It does remain permissible to provide a National Letter of Intent and financial aid agreement to all prospects via express mail.
Q: If a coach visits a prospect's school and does not make any recruiting contacts, who has he/she used an evaluation for?
A: The coach has used an evaluation for each prospective student-athlete in that sport at that school.
Q: Does the definition of a 'week' differ between recruiting and the playing season rules?
A: Yes. For purposes of the playing season regulations, a "week" can be any consecutive seven day period which is declared by the sport prior to the beginning of the year (i.e., Monday-Sunday or Wednesday-Tuesday). However, for purposes of recruiting regulations (i.e., telephone contact, visits to a prospect's school) a "week" is defined by the NCAA as Sunday through Saturday.
Q: May student-athletes sell, or trade for something of value, awards (including championship and bowl gifts) or apparel they have received as a student-athlete?
A: No. It is impermissible for a student-athlete to sell any item received for athletic participation or exchange for another item of value. Student-athletes are not permitted to sell awards received for participation in conference or national competition or received through special achievements.
As has recently been highly publicized a student-athlete that sells his/her awards or apparel (or trades those items for something of value) is rendering themselves ineligible. Further, the student-athlete will have to go through the reinstatement process with the NCAA that will likely include repaying the value of the benefit received for selling or trading their items and a suspension from a contest or contests.